Wednesday, November 14, 2012

Just the Basics - Winchester 94 .45 L/C Saddle Gun Carbine


Winchester 94 LC Saddle Gun Carbine

The Barrel is the component that allows the bullet to exit the carbine after it is fired and adds a spin to the bullet to increase its accuracy.

The Muzzle is the region immediately at the end of the Barrel where the bullet exits.

The Front Sight, used in conjunction with the Rear Sight is used to acquire an accurate sight picture prior to engaging a threat.

The Fore Grip provides an area for the shooter to grasp the front portion of the weapon to assist in steadying if for a sturdy shot.

The Tubular Magazine contains the cartridges to be fired and feeds a new cartridge into chamber each the Finger Lever is operated until the magazine is empty.

The Finger Lever is the mechanical component used to eject expended casings from the weapon and push a new round into the chamber.

The Finger Lever Safety requires the shooter to firmly grasp the Finger Level and the stock to enable the trigger.

The Breech is the area of the weapon where an expended cartridge begins its exit from the weapon and a new cartridge is placed before it is rammed into the chamber.

The Breech Bolt acts as the ejection tool to remove a spent casing, the ram to insert a new cartridge into the chamber, it contains the Firing Pin which will fire the cartridge when the Trigger is pressed and it is part of the containment system to contain the energy of the cartridge and help force its gasses down the barrel and out the muzzle.

The Finger Lever is the component that harnesses the work done by the shooters hand and allows them to expel an expended cartridge and ram a new cartridge into the chamber.

The Trigger is the component that releases the firing pin.

The Trigger Guard is provided to protect the shooter from an unintended discharge due to clothing, brush or other item the Trigger may bump against.

This particular weapon has dual safeties – one just rear of the Breech Bolt and one between the Finger Lever and the Stock. The lever must be gripped and the safety released for the weapon to fire.

The Stock attaches to the rear of the Receiver and the Barrel with a Tubular Magazine (for this particular weapon) attaches to the front of the Receiver. The Stock Butt Plate firmly rests against the shooter’s shoulder while the weapon if fired.

The advent of the carbine in the late 1800s provided a person an accurate, longer range weapon, easily carried and handled on horseback that typically used the same cartridge as their sidearm. Is it any wonder it remains a popular firearm nearly 120 years later?


  1. Oh, I love the 94! I appreciate the Mare's legs coming out now too.

  2. Yep, they are probably one of the most elegant rifles ever built. I have two of them, this one and a '94 chambered in .357. Very, very fun guns. :)